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    Sunday, January 3, 2021

    With a divisive policies at home, India begins its temporary stint of peace at the UN Security Council

     Key Highlights

    • India becomes member of UN Security Council for the eighth time

    • India won the election uncontested, got temporary membership

    • India was the only candidate on the seat from Asia-Pacific category

    • Every year two out of 10 temporary members are elected for two years




    Under the Charter of the United Nations, the UN Security Council (the Council) was established in 1946 to ensure that international security and peace is preserved. It is one of the six major UN bodies and is widely considered the pinnacle of the United Nations framework. In the administration of the UN framework, the Council still has a significant role. The Committee accepts the entry of new member states into the United Nations, appoints UN Secretary-General and senior UN officials, and it is collectively responsible for electing judges to the International Court of Justice with the United Nations General Assembly. As of now, There are a total number of 15 Participating members of the Council. The United Kingdom, China, France, Russia and the United Nations are five permanent members (the P5), and 10 non-permanent members (the E10) are chosen for two-year terms by the United Nations General Assembly. 


    In June 2020, India was voted as a provisional member of the UNSC for the 8th time under the leadership of Narendra Modi. After being elected unopposed, India became a temporary member of the apex body of the United Nations for 2021-22 term. The 193-member UN General Assembly held elections for its 75th session for the president, temporary members of the Security Council and members of the Economic and Social Council. Along with India, Ireland, Mexico and Norway had also got entry in the Security Council while Canada will have to stay out. The role of India as a member can be a spark for trade exchange between emerging economies. However, India had been trying for the permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council since the Congress led UPA government initiated a multinational initiative with three additional major allies – Japan, Brazil, and Germany. Like India, there are broader world economies that play a more significant coordination role in international diplomacy, in helping to solve global crises, but find themselves without that voice in one of the institutions that matters the most. In addition, the maritime strength of India, as shown by the Member States, and its close strategic ties with key powers in the region can be seen as a strategic balance within the grouping. The same strategy, however, still leads some representatives to oppose the inclusion of India.


    India seems to be stepping up actively on the world stage and what the world doesn’t know is the contemporary challenges and issues it faces domestically. However, Hindu Nationalist Government led by current Prime Minister Narendra Modi has clearly defined a new term for the type of global leader - “Leading Power which is not a Global Power or Great Power”. India’s foreign secretary has discussed this concept number of times by talking about India’ prior reaction to major world events. This time India is thinking far ahead about shaping global events as they unfold, raising questions for global governance. The steeping up plans of India are economic with major investment into the rising military power and the way India is thinking about its role militarily. Indian navy has declared ambition for primacy across the Indian Ocean with Hindu Nationalist Government thinking of its space in the region increasingly against the penetrative activities of Chinese Navy. India is the net provider of the security in Indian Ocean where the ultimate objectives of China remain quite unclear. In like manner, President Xi Jinping probably has always made something of a splash and probably factored into the decisions and dreams of India. However, it is apparent that the Chinese leadership aggressively pursues the capacity to conduct many military missions in the region. Such capacities and project initiatives from comparatively "benign," to those that are seeming to be far more troubling even for US policymakers with evidential summarisation for Chinese forms of security and economic investments. 

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