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    Thursday, July 8, 2021

    Where is the World's First National Park: Yellowstone in US or Bogd Khan Uul in Mongolia?

    Where is the World's First National Park: Yellowstone in US or Bogd Khan Uul in Mongolia?


    Yellowstone National Park is the United States' oldest, biggest, and arguably most well-known national park. It is located mostly in northern Wyoming, but also in parts of southern Montana and eastern Idaho, and contains the world's highest concentration of hydrothermal phenomena. The park was created as the country's first national park by the United States Congress on March 1, 1872. It is also often regarded as the world's first national park, however some naturalists and others claim that evidence suggests that the formation of Yellowstone was predated by the founding of Bogd Khan Uul Mountain National Park in Mongolia, which may date from the same time period.

    The earthquake activity in the Yellowstone region is likewise very high. Underneath the park's surface is a network of faults linked to the region's volcanic history, and hundreds of minor earthquakes occur each year. The vast majority of these tremors have a magnitude of 2.0 or less and are not noticed by locals, but a stronger quake will sometimes strike the region and have an impact on the park.

    Bogd Khan Uul, a mountain that overlooks today's city of Ulaanbaatar, was created as a protected reserve and the world's first national park about a century ago, under the rule of the Qing dynasty. To this day, it is a national park, a UNESCO biosphere reserve, and a popular hiking destination. 

    Tsetsee Gun, which is 2256 metres above sea level, is the highest peak of the Bogd Khan highly protected area, which covers 416 square kilometres. There are about 220 plant species on the Bogd Khan Mountain, as well as some unique animals like as red deer, musk deer, Siberian deer, Siberian ibex, wild boar, and several bird species such as common buzzard, woodpecker, stork, and others. The mountain is popular for trekking and is known for its larch forest, meadows, beautiful flora, and animal life. Climbing to the summit of Tsetsee Gun, a granite mountain peak with spectacular views, is a difficult task. The summit is a three-hour trek distant, and the round-trip hike takes five to six hours.


    Bogd Khan was named a protected site by the Qing Dynasty government in 1783, according to National Geographic. Bogd Khan's coniferous woods, endangered musk deer, and other animals have thrived since then, despite political upheaval that lasted until the 1990s.” As a result, this location may be regarded the world's oldest national park.

    Yellowstone National Park, however, was the first place to be designated as a “National Park” when it was signed into federal law by then-US President Ulysses S. Grant in 1872.

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